• Fine: Almost like new.
  • VG: Clearly second-hand but with no major imperfections.
  • G: Complete, but with clear signs of wear and use.
  • Reading or reference copies are sometimes offered, particularly of scarcer items. These will have major faults but will contain the entire text.





  • Fine: Almost like new.
  • VG: Complete but with small imperfctions (e.g. small tears or creases).
  • G: Complete but with more substantive faults (e.g. bad creasing, large tears, or pieces missing)



Other terms used



  • DW: Dustwrapper.
  • +: Not quite the grade above, but close!



I try to grade the books as fairly as possible, but one person's small tear is another's gaping chasm. I may simply have missed something. So, if you are dissatisfied with the description of any item, please contact me in the first instance ( and we'll sort something out. All dustwrappers are supplied in a removable protective cover. And if it doesn't say it is a First Edition, it isn't.